Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS) is a condition affecting people who have had half or more of their small intestine surgically removed or who have disease affecting the small intestine. The small bowel plays a significant role in nutrient absorption and those with SBS experience malnourishment due to an inadequate absorption of nutrients and fluids.
Symptoms of SBS include malnutrition, diarrhea, abdominal bloating, fatigue, fat in the stool (steatorrhea), cramping, heartburn, bacterial infections, anemia, depression, gallstones and kidney stones. Complications of SBS include organ failure due to malnourishment or malnutrition which could lead to death.
Short bowel syndrome is treated through changes in diet, intravenous feeding, vitamin and mineral supplements, and medicine to relieve symptoms.